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Litha Sabbat is the Pagan / Witchy celebration of the Summer Solstice. It marks on the Wheel of the Year the pinnacle of the power of the Sun God. Several festivals are held with fireworks. On this date, the day is the longest one in the year and the night is the shortest one. It is time to reap the fruits and grains generated by the seeds!
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- Northern Hemisphere: June 21st
- Southern Hemisphere: December 21st
- Colours: Orange, yellow, green, blue and white
The Litha Sabbat celebrations are usually held with gatherings between people and animals. Everyone celebrates the power of the Sun around rivers, lakes or on beaches.
Wheel of the Year: Litha Sabbat and the Energizing Heat
The Litha Sabbat marks the Summer Solstice and also the beginning of the hottest season of the year. At this moment the Sun God is at the peak of his strength and all nature celebrates his energizing power. On this day, it is common to celebrate in the midst of nature, as well as the harvest of medicinal herbs as they are also full of energy.
In Stonehenge, the stone placed outside the circle known as “Heel Stone” marks the birth of the Sun in Litha, when it is seen from within the main circle.
The power of Litha Sabbat is so great that the moment is ideal for physical and mental healing. The strong light of the Sun God, while feeding the plants and providing heat for everything to survive, is able to destroy what is bad and is also great for getting rid of unwanted feelings and problems.
Nature displays joy on Litha everywhere. Litha is believed to be the best opportunity to spot the Elemental Beings through the forests, fields and beaches. For more information about them, read the post: The Elemental Beings.
Wheel of the Year: Litha Sabbat and Firepower
The fire has its important role in all the Sabbats and in the Wheel of the Year as well, but in the Litha Sabbat, it is the most important feature! As this Sabbat is celebrated and fully dedicated to the Sun God, in case this day is rainy or cloudy, it is recommended that at least one candle is kept lit all day long for the energy of the fire to reach the Sun.
Large bonfires are lit in Litha Sabbat as in Beltane Sabbat. Celebrations take place around them. The act of jumping over the fire is also repeated, leaving behind all that is bad and unwanted.
It is common for amulets to be made a week before Litha and then consecrated under the Sun. Another custom indicates that amulets created in Litha from the previous year are burned or buried and new ones are made.
Also on Litha Sabbat there is a change of reign. As in the Yule Sabbat, on the Winter Solstice, the two different faces of the Sun God, known as the King of the Oak (light) and King of the Holly (darkness) come into confrontation once more. On the Litha Sabbat, the King of Holly wins the battle and begins to reign over the seasons. This means that, from this Sabbat on, the Sun God will begin to grow weaker until its total decline to return only on the Yule Sabbat.
Now that you know about Litha Sabbat, you can also read about Litha Rituals.
Sabbats and the Wheel of the Year
You can also read about the other Sabbats which are part of the Wheel of the Year: